Ernst Abbe (1840–1905)

German physicist, entrepreneur and social reformer. 1870–79, professor extraordinarius of physics, Jena university; 1879–96, professor of physics, Jena university; 1877–91, director of the observatory, Jena. From 1866, collaborated with Carl Zeiss, the owner of a precision engineering workshop in Jena, in developing the theoretical foundations for substantial improvements in optical technology. Partner in the firm, 1876; sole director, 1888. Introduced health and retirement benefits for employees and established the Carl Zeiss Foundation, 1889.

Sources

DSB

NDB

Volume

29