Isaac Newton ( 1642 - 1727 )

Birth: Woolsthorpe manor-house, Colsterworth, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England (25 December 1642) Death: Kensington, London, England (20 March 1727) Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England Research Field: Mathematics, dynamics, mechanics, celestial mechanics, astronomy, optics, natural philosophy Education: Grantham Grammar School; Trinity College, Cambridge, BA (1665), MA (1668) Career: Left Cambridge because of the plague and spent two years at Woolsthorpe, where he did most of the work on colours and mechanics, including gravity, later published in the 'Principia Mathematica' and 'Opticks' (1665-1667); Fellow of Trinity (1667-death); Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge (1669-1701); MP for Cambridge University (1689, 1701); Warden of the Mint (1696); Master of the Mint (1699-death); Commissioner for Assessment for Cambridge, Cambridge University and Lincolnshire (1689-1690); acknowledged throughout Europe as a great scientist, philosopher and mathematician, he was involved in bitter controversies with Robert Hooke (FRS 1663), with Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (FRS 1673) over the calculus and with John Flamsteed (FRS 1677) over the publication of his astronomical observations; his body lay in state in the Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster; Benefactor to the chapels of Christ's and Trinity Colleges, Cambridge and to Addenbrooke's Hospital Honours: Kt 1705 Membership: Fellow Election Date: 11/01/1672 Proposers: Seth Ward Council: PRS 1703-1727; Council 1697, 1699.